Part 1 of this guide explains the basic commands in the CIME Case Control System that are needed to get a model running.
Part 1 of this guide assumes that CIME or a CIME-driven model and the necessary input files have been installed on the computer you are using. If that is not the case, see Porting CIME.
Familiarity with basic climate modeling concepts.
Familiarity with UNIX command line terminals and the UNIX development environment.
A correct version of the Python interpreter.
CIME’s commands are Python scripts and require a correct version of the Python interpreter to be installed. The Python version must be greater than 2.7. Determine which version you have like this:
> python --version
Consult your local documentation if you need to update your python version.
1.2. Key Terms and concepts¶
The following key terms and concepts are ingrained in CIME and used frequently in this documentation. See the Glossary for a more complete list of terms.
In CIME, a coupled earth system model is made up of components that interact through a coupler and are all controlled by a driver.
In the current version of CIME, there are 7 physical components allowed. They are:
atmosphere, ocean, sea-ice, land surface, river, ice sheet, ocean waves
Components are also referred to as “models”. The choice of 7 is partly historical and partly determined by the physics of the Earth system: these 7 components occupy physically distinct domains in the Earth system and/or require different numerical grids for solving.
For each of the 7 physical components (models), there can be three different implementations in a CIME-driven coupled model.
active: Solve a complex set of equations to describe the model’s behavior. Also called prognostic or full models. These can be full General Circulation Models. Multiple active models might be available (for example POP and MPAS-ocean to represent the global ocean) but only one ocean or atmosphere model at a time can be used in a component set.
data: For some climate problems, it is necessary to reduce feedbacks within the system by replacing an active model with a version that sends and receives the same variables to and from other models, but with the values read from files rather than computed from the equations. The values received are ignored. These active-model substitutes are called data models. CIME provides data models for each of the possible components. You could add your own data model implementation of a component but as for active models only one at a time can be used.
stub: For some configurations, no data model is needed, so CIME provides stub versions that simply occupy the required place in the driver and do not send or receive any data.
- component set or compset: The particular combination of active, data and stub versions of the 7 components is referred to
as a component set or compset. The Case Control System allows one to define several possible compsets and configure and run them on supported platforms. See Component Sets for more information.
- grid or model grid:
Each active model must solve its equations on a numerical grid. CIME allows models within the system to have different grids. The resulting set of all numerical grids is called the model grid or sometimes just the grid, where grid is a unique name that denotes a set of numerical grids. Sometimes the resolution also refers to a specific set of grids.
- machine and compilers:
The machine is the computer you are using to run CIME and build and run the climate model. It could be a workstation or a national supercomputer. The exact name of machine is typically the UNIX hostname but it could be any string. A machine may have one more more versions of Fortran, C and C++ compilers that are needed to compile the model’s source code and CIME
To build and execute a CIME-enabled climate model, you have to make choices of compset, model grid, machine and compiler. The collection of these choices, and any additional customizations you may make, is called the case.
Any case that can be defined by the coupled model’s CIME configuration files and built with only basic commands in the CIME Case Control System is an “out-of-the-box” case. Since CIME and its configuration files are kept with the model source code and version-controlled together, its possible to match supported out-of-the-box cases with specific versions of the model source code, promoting reproducibility and provenance. An out-of-the-box case is also called a base case
1.3. CIME and your environment¶
Before using any CIME commands, set the
CIME_MODEL environment variable. In bash, use export as shown and replace
<model> with the appropriate text. Current possibilities are “e3sm” or “cesm.”
> export CIME_MODEL=<model>
There are a number of possible ways to set CIME variables. For variables that can be set in more than one way, the order of precedence is:
variable appears in a command line argument to a CIME command
variable is set as an environment variable
variable is set in
$HOME/.cime/configas explained further here.
variable is set in a
1.4. Quick start¶
To see an example of how a case is created, configured, built and run with CIME, execute the following commands. (This assumes that CIME has been ported to your current machine).
> cd cime/scripts > ./create_newcase --case mycase --compset X --res f19_g16 > cd mycase > ./case.setup > ./case.build > ./case.submit
The output from each command is explained in the following sections.
After you submit the case, you can follow the progress of your run by monitoring the CaseStatus file.
> tail CaseStatus
Repeat the command until you see the message
1.5. Discovering available cases with query_config¶
Your CIME-driven model has many more possible cases besides the simple one in the above Quick Start.
Use the utility query_config to see which out-of-the-box compsets, components, grids and machines are available for your model.
If CIME is downloaded in standalone mode, only standalone CIME compsets can be queried.
If CIME is part of a CIME-driven model, query_config will allow you to query all prognostic component compsets.
To see lists of available compsets, components, grids and machines, look at the help text:
> query_config --help
To see all available component sets, try:
> query_config --compsets all
To run query_config for compset information, follow this example, where drv is the component name:
> query_config --compsets drv
The output will be similar to this:
-------------------------------------- Compset Short Name: Compset Long Name -------------------------------------- A : 2000_DATM%NYF_SLND_DICE%SSMI_DOCN%DOM_DROF%NYF_SGLC_SWAV ADWAV : 2000_SATM_SLND_SICE_SOCN_SROF_SGLC_DWAV%CLIMO S : 2000_SATM_SLND_SICE_SOCN_SROF_SGLC_SWAV_SESP ADLND : 2000_SATM_DLND%SCPL_SICE_SOCN_SROF_SGLC_SWAV ADESP_TEST : 2000_DATM%NYF_SLND_DICE%SSMI_DOCN%DOM_DROF%NYF_SGLC_SWAV_DESP%TEST X : 2000_XATM_XLND_XICE_XOCN_XROF_XGLC_XWAV ADESP : 2000_DATM%NYF_SLND_DICE%SSMI_DOCN%DOM_DROF%NYF_SGLC_SWAV_DESP AIAF : 2000_DATM%IAF_SLND_DICE%IAF_DOCN%IAF_DROF%IAF_SGLC_SWAV
Each model component specifies its own definitions of what can appear after the % modifier in the compset longname (for example, DOM in DOCN%DOM).
To see what supported modifiers are for DOCN, run query_config as in this example:
> query_config --component docn
The output will be similar to this:
========================================= DOCN naming conventions ========================================= _DOCN%AQP1 : docn prescribed aquaplanet sst - option 1 _DOCN%AQP10 : docn prescribed aquaplanet sst - option 10 _DOCN%AQP2 : docn prescribed aquaplanet sst - option 2 _DOCN%AQP3 : docn prescribed aquaplanet sst - option 3 _DOCN%AQP4 : docn prescribed aquaplanet sst - option 4 _DOCN%AQP5 : docn prescribed aquaplanet sst - option 5 _DOCN%AQP6 : docn prescribed aquaplanet sst - option 6 _DOCN%AQP7 : docn prescribed aquaplanet sst - option 7 _DOCN%AQP8 : docn prescribed aquaplanet sst - option 8 _DOCN%AQP9 : docn prescribed aquaplanet sst - option 9 _DOCN%DOM : docn prescribed ocean mode _DOCN%IAF : docn interannual mode _DOCN%NULL : docn null mode _DOCN%SOM : docn slab ocean mode _DOCN%SOMAQP : docn aquaplanet slab ocean mode _DOCN%SST_AQUAP : docn aquaplanet mode:
For more details on how CIME determines the output for query_config, see Component Sets.